IOR Marker Sets

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IORgait - Marker Placement

The IOR marker set is comprised of 36 markers. It is best if marker placement done by an individual who is experienced with palpating anatomical positions.

The anatomical location of each target is referenced to the description in the Color Atlas of Skeletal Landmark Definitions. This text is useful for further description of target location as well as recommendations for palpation.

Marker Placement - Listed by trunk, pelvis, lower extremities
Marker Name Description Reference Page
L/RCAJ Left/Right acromion [1]:p. 45
SJN Deepest point of incisura jugularis [1]:p. 34
SXS Xiphoid proces, i.e. most caudal point of the sternum [1]:p. 37
CV7 Spinous process of the seventh cervical vertebrae [1]:p. 29
TV2 Second thoracic vertebrae [1]:p. 29
TV7 Midpoint between the inferior angles of the most caudal points of the two scapulae [1]:p. 61
LV1 First lumbar vertebrae [1]:p. 29
LV3 Third lumbar vertebrae [1]:p. 29
LV5 Fifth lumbar vertebrae [1]:p. 29
L/RIAS Left/Right anterior superior iliac spine [1]:p. 106
L/RFTC Most lateral prominence of the greater trochanter [1]:p. 116
L/RIPS Left/Right posterior superior iliac spine [1]:p. 107
L/RFLE Most lateral prominence of the lateral femoral epicondyle [1]:p. 122
L/RFME Most medial prominence of the medial femoral epicondyle [1]:p. 120
L/RFAX Proximal tip of the head of the fibula [1]:p. 154
L/RTTC Most anterior border of the tibial tuberosity [1]:p. 144
L/RFAL Lateral prominence of the lateral malleolus [1]:p. 158
L/RTAM Most medial prominence of the medial malleolus [1]:p. 148
L/RFM5 Dorsal margin of the fifth metatarsal head [1]:p. 173
L/RFM2 Dorsal aspect of the second metatarsal head [1]:p. 173
L/RFM1 Dorsal margin of the first metatarsal head [1]:p. 173
L/RFCC Aspect of the achilles tendon insertion on the calcaneous [1]:p. 162



IOR full marker set.png

IORfoot - Marker Placement

The anatomical location of each target is referenced to the description in the Color Atlas of Skeletal Landmark Definitions. This text is useful for further description of target location as well as recommendations for palpation.

The FMB and SMB target locations are not described in the Color Atlas, but are described in the Leardini multi-segment foot paper.



Marker Placement - Listed by from knees to toes
Marker Name Description Reference Page
L/RFAX Proximal tip of the head of the fibula [1]:p. 154
L/RTTC Most anterior border of the tibial tuberosity [1]:p. 144
L/RFAL Lateral prominence of the lateral malleolus [1]:p. 158
L/RTAM Most medial prominence of the medial malleolus [1]:p. 148
L/RFCC Aspect of the achilles tendon insertion on the calcaneous [1]:p. 162
L/RFST Sustentaculum Tali of Calcaneus [1]:p. 164
L/RFPT Lateral apex of the peroneal tubercle [1]:p. 171
L/RFNT Navicular tuberosity [1]:p. 165
L/RFMT Tuberosity of 5th Metatarsal [1]:p. 172
L/RFMB Base of First Metatarsal [2]:p. 454
L/RSMB Base of Second Metatarsal [2]:p. 455
L/RFM1 Dorsal margin of the first metatarsal head [1]:p. 173
L/RFM2 Dorsal aspect of the second metatarsal head [1]:p. 173
L/RFM5 Dorsal margin of the fifth metatarsal head [1]:p. 173
L/RPD6 Distal epiphysis, midpoint between PL6 and PM6 [1]:p. 175

IORGait foot shank.png IORGait foot foot.png

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 Serge van Sint Jan "Color Atlas of Skeletal Landmark Definitions: Guidelines for Reproducible Manual and Virtual Palpations" 2007 - Churchill Livingstone Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Serge" defined multiple times with different content
  2. 2.0 2.1 Leardini, A., M.G. Benedetti, L. Berti, D. Bettinelli, R. Nativo, and S. Giannini. "Rear-foot, Mid-foot and Fore-foot Motion during the Stance Phase of Gait." Gait & Posture 25 (2007): 453-55 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Leardini" defined multiple times with different content



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